State Bar of Michigan - Badge
US Supreme Court
U.S. Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals
US District Court - Eastern District of Michigan
Super Lawyers - Badge
AV Preeminent - Badge
Justia Lawyer Rating
Animal Legal Defense Fund - Badge

The Importance of Having a Health Care Power of Attorney and Living Will in Michigan

Navigating the complexities of medical care and end-of-life decisions can be challenging and emotionally draining, both for individuals and their loved ones. In Michigan, having a Health Care Power of Attorney (HCPOA) and a Living Will can provide crucial guidance and clarity during difficult times. These documents ensure that your healthcare preferences are respected and that decisions are made by someone you trust if you are unable to communicate your wishes.

This article explores the significance of having an HCPOA and a Living Will in Michigan, outlining their benefits, legal requirements, and potential consequences of not having them.

Benefits of Having a Health Care Power of Attorney and Living Will

1. Ensuring Your Health Care Preferences Are Respected:

A Living Will allows you to document your preferences regarding life-sustaining treatments, resuscitation, and other medical interventions. This document provides clear instructions to healthcare providers, ensuring that your wishes are followed even if you are unable to communicate them. An HCPOA designates a trusted individual to make healthcare decisions on your behalf, further ensuring that your preferences are respected.

2. Reducing Family Burden and Conflict:

Making healthcare decisions can be a significant burden for family members, especially during a medical crisis. An HCPOA and Living Will relieve your loved ones of the stress and uncertainty of guessing your preferences. By clearly outlining your wishes, these documents can also prevent potential conflicts among family members who might have differing opinions about your care.

3. Empowering Your Chosen Advocate:

With an HCPOA, you can designate a healthcare agent, also known as a patient advocate, to make medical decisions on your behalf if you become incapacitated. This ensures that someone who understands your values and wishes is in charge of your care. Your advocate can communicate with healthcare providers, make treatment decisions, and ensure that your healthcare plan aligns with your preferences.

4. Legal Clarity and Peace of Mind:

Having a legally binding HCPOA and Living Will provides peace of mind for you and your loved ones. These documents clearly outline your wishes and designate a responsible party to act on your behalf, reducing ambiguity and ensuring that your healthcare decisions are legally supported.

Legal Requirements in Michigan

Creating a valid HCPOA and Living Will in Michigan requires adherence to specific legal requirements. Understanding these requirements ensures that your documents are recognized and enforceable by healthcare providers and legal authorities.

1. Age and Capacity:

You must be at least 18 years old and of sound mind to create an HCPOA and Living Will in Michigan. Being of sound mind means you understand the nature and consequences of the documents you are creating and the decisions they entail.

2. Written Document:

Both the HCPOA and Living Will must be in writing. Oral statements are not sufficient to create legally binding healthcare directives in Michigan.

3. Signature and Witnesses:

The principal (the person creating the HCPOA and Living Will) must sign the documents. The HCPOA must be signed in the presence of two adult witnesses, neither of whom can be the designated patient advocate. These witnesses must also sign the document. Similarly, the Living Will should be signed and dated in the presence of two witnesses.

4. Specific Language and Content:

The HCPOA must clearly designate a patient advocate and outline the extent of their authority. The Living Will should detail your preferences regarding medical treatments and interventions. Using clear and specific language is essential to ensure that your wishes are accurately communicated and understood.

Consequences of Not Having an HCPOA and Living Will

Failing to establish an HCPOA and Living Will can lead to several negative outcomes, particularly if you become incapacitated and are unable to communicate your healthcare preferences.

1. Lack of Control Over Medical Decisions:

Without an HCPOA and Living Will, medical decisions may be made by healthcare providers or a court-appointed guardian who may not be familiar with your wishes. This lack of control can result in treatments and interventions that you would not have wanted.

2. Increased Family Stress and Conflict:

In the absence of clear directives, family members may struggle to make healthcare decisions on your behalf. This can lead to significant stress and emotional burden, as well as potential conflicts among family members with differing opinions about your care.

3. Legal Complications and Delays:

Without an HCPOA, the court may need to appoint a guardian to make healthcare decisions for you. This process can be time-consuming and costly, potentially delaying critical medical decisions. Having a designated patient advocate through an HCPOA ensures that decisions can be made promptly and in accordance with your wishes.

4. Unwanted Medical Interventions:

Without a Living Will, healthcare providers may administer life-sustaining treatments and other interventions that you would have preferred to avoid. A Living Will ensures that your preferences regarding end-of-life care are known and respected, reducing the likelihood of unwanted medical interventions.

How to Choose a Patient Advocate

Selecting the right person to serve as your patient advocate under an HCPOA is crucial. Consider the following factors:

1. Trustworthiness:

Choose someone you trust implicitly to act in your best interest. This person will have significant authority over your healthcare decisions, so their integrity and reliability are paramount.

2. Understanding of Your Wishes:

Your patient advocate should have a clear understanding of your healthcare preferences, values, and beliefs. Open and honest communication about your wishes is essential to ensure they can accurately represent you.

3. Availability:

Select someone who is willing and able to take on the responsibilities of a patient advocate. This role can be demanding, so ensure your chosen advocate is up to the task and available when needed.

4. Ability to Communicate Effectively:

Your patient advocate should be able to communicate effectively with healthcare providers, legal representatives, and family members. Clear communication is essential for making informed decisions and advocating for your wishes.


A Health Care Power of Attorney and Living Will are vital documents for ensuring that your healthcare preferences are respected and that decisions are made by someone you trust if you are unable to communicate your wishes. In Michigan, these documents provide numerous benefits, including ensuring your healthcare preferences are respected, reducing family burden and conflict, empowering your chosen advocate, and providing legal clarity and peace of mind.

Adhering to Michigan’s legal requirements for creating an HCPOA and Living Will is essential to ensure their validity and enforceability. Failing to establish these documents can lead to lack of control over medical decisions, increased family stress and conflict, legal complications and delays, and unwanted medical interventions.

By taking the time to create an HCPOA and Living Will, you can protect your interests, provide clarity and guidance for your loved ones, and ensure that your healthcare wishes are honored. This proactive and responsible step can make a significant difference during challenging times, providing peace of mind for you and your loved ones.

Oakland County, Michigan estate planning attorney Michael J. Hamblin specializes in providing simple, affordable estate planning documents that are customized to each client’s exact needs. Click here to visit our Affordable Estate Plans page for more information and pricing to have your customized estate plan created at an affordable price.

Client Reviews

I had a very difficult case. Mr. Hamblin treated me with respect and always kept me informed. He did a good job and I'd definitely recommend him.


I finally found an honest lawyer! He did not promise me the moon and navigated a complex contractual matter with excellence. The results were very satisfactory. Mr. Hamblin is an exceptional attorney.


Not only is Micheal a great attorney but he's also a great person who cares about you and helping with your problems. I would feel confident in recommending him to anyone who is in need of an attorney.


We retained Mike not long after he passed the bar and he's been our business attorney for almost 20 years. He's one of the best investments we've ever made.


Contact Us

  1. 1 Experienced Legal Professional
  2. 2 Achieve Your Goals
  3. 3 Contact Us Today
Fill out the form or call us at (248) 763-6195 to schedule your case evaluation